PF300 - Essential part of IN-PIT CRUSHING and CONVEYING (IPCC)

PF300 - Essential part of IN-PIT CRUSHING and CONVEYING (IPCC)
The PF300 is a completely new fully-mobile crushing plant with unique and compact design for on-face mining applications which can be equipped with different Sandvik crusher types, for any client's uniquely varied demands. Main benefits: * Versatile crushing and superb maneuverability * Compact design with new stability concept * Capacities from 2000 - 12000 mt/h (1650 - 13 230 stph) * Usable for coal, overburden, iron ore, copper ore, oil sands * Lower operating costs than trucks * Significant reduction of CO2 emission * "Complete Sandvik" - a unique composition of genuine components Major Components Sandik crusher technology, apron feeder, two pairs of crawler tracks where the crusher load occurs (crusher- and hopper area), discharge of material via uncoupled belt bridge or beltwagon.
http://youtu.be/doNcVs-APvY

Open Cut Coal Mine Animation

Open Cut Coal Mine Animation
This video showcases RPM's animation capabilities.
http://youtu.be/8F6SHwNv_YU

World's biggest mine: Inside US coal

World's biggest mine: Inside US coal
Barack Obama’s pledge to cut carbon emissions has not stopped North Antelope Rochelle mine in Wyoming. In fact, production is booming - and climate change is off the agenda. The Guardian's Suzanne Goldenberg gets a rare look inside the biggest coal mine in the world. Subscribe to The Guardian ► http://bit.ly/subscribegdn Get the whole picture ► http://bit.ly/guardianhome ENDBOARD VIDEOS The godless church and the atheists taking the US by storm ► http://bit.ly/GodlessChurch US Democracy doesn't work in this slice of Florida ► http://bit.ly/1EuRyMz GUARDIAN PLAYLISTS Guardian Investigations ► http://bit.ly/gdninvestigations Comment is Free ► http://bit.ly/CIFplaylist Guardian Docs ► http://bit.ly/gdndocs Guardian Animations & Explanations ► http://bit.ly/aninandex Other Guardian channels on YouTube: Guardian Football ► https://www.youtube.com/user/guardianfootball Guardian Music ► https://www.youtube.com/guardianmusic Guardian Membership ► https://www.youtube.com/user/GuardianMembership Guardian Food ► https://www.youtube.com/user/GuardianFood Guardian Culture ► https://www.youtube.com/user/GuardianCultureArts Guardian Tech ► THE GUARDIAN'S TOP 10 VIDEOS Mos Def force fed in Gitmo procedure ► http://bit.ly/1hdvoqM Bangladeshi Sex Workers take steroids ► http://bit.ly/1mqf3fA North Korean military parade in slow-mo ► http://bit.ly/TTEAGk Police assault on Ian Tomlinson at G20 ► http://bit.ly/1rgq6Pg Manny Pacquiao fight highlights ► http://bit.ly/RBczBp Brick-by-brick women's fencing protest ► http://bit.ly/RBcEFc Trouserless on the Tube ► http://bit.ly/SPWOrv Jesus "would have been an atheist" ► http://bit.ly/1kfrKqP Open Heart Surgery ► http://bit.ly/1tPaGQ2 Brick-by-Brick Usain Bolt 2012 Olympic gold ► http://bit.ly/1pxQqQv
http://youtu.be/1dsxtCmUvrc

Crane: When We Think It Can't Be Lifted - History Documentary Films

Crane: When We Think It Can't Be Lifted - History Documentary Films
Crane: When We Think It Can't Be Lifted - History Documentary Films A crane is a kind of machine, normally equipped with a hoist, wire ropes or chains, and sheaves, that could be used both to lift and lower products and to move them flat. It is generally used for raising heavy things and transferring them to various other areas. It uses several easy machines to produce mechanical benefit and thus relocate lots beyond the normal capability of a human. Cranes are commonly employed in the transportation industry for the loading and discharging of products, in the construction market for the movement of products and in the manufacturing market for the putting together of heavy tools. The first construction cranes were invented by the Ancient Greeks and were powered by guys or draft animals, such as donkeys. These cranes were used for the building of tall structures. Larger cranes were later established, using the use of human treadwheels, allowing the lifting of much heavier weights. In the High Middle Ages, harbour cranes were introduced to load and discharge ships and assist with their construction-- some were constructed into stone towers for additional toughness and stability. The earliest cranes were built from wood,steel took control of with the coming of the Industrial Revolution. WILD LIFE DOCUMENTARIES - https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL89NZer-bHII0dQDT30T4lN6qGy8f3Ndm RELIGION DOCUMENTARY - https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL89NZer-bHIIApKOXifEvgHoQxXeoewaR HISTORY DOCUMENTARY - https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL89NZer-bHIIFtbbgSotwgkwCduxG1YlK ADVENTURE DOCUMENTARY - https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL89NZer-bHIJ_fsqbIakXabFf44jPBm-E HEALTH AND MEDICINE DOCUMENTARY - https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL89NZer-bHILBMJN0wvBfAsDVXzz0GEIH PEOPLE DOCUMENTARY - https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL89NZer-bHILcEazOCor7wbrXTIn3gNkX TECHNOLOGY DOCUMENTARY - https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL89NZer-bHIK8tVs-9jdosdco5hbQQl6n SUPERNATURAL DOCUMENTARY - https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL89NZer-bHIIraIeCulhClPA004pED-Vg World Geographic Channel - https://www.youtube.com/user/TheWorldgeographicch Follow us : http://ift.tt/1BJDUBA http://ift.tt/16eWNV9 http://ift.tt/1BJDUBE http://ift.tt/16eWNoa http://ift.tt/1BJDUBG http://ift.tt/16eWNVd http://ift.tt/1BJDX0d Tags: Crane History, Crane Documentaries, Crane Documentary, Crane Full Documentary, Crane Documentary Films, Crane History Documentary Films, Crane, Machine, Equipment, Heavy Equipment
http://youtu.be/cRx-zdO8FqI

The Largest Walking Dragline Excavator in The World

The Largest Walking Dragline Excavator in The World
The Big Muskie was a model 4250-W Bucyrus-Erie dragline (the only one ever built). With a 220-cubic-yard (170 m3) bucket, it was the largest single-bucket digging machine ever created and one of the world's largest mobile earth-moving machines. It cost $25 million in 1969, the equivalent of $161 million today adjusted for inflation. Big Muskie was powered by electricity supplied at 13,800 volts via a trailing cable, which had its own transporter/coiling units to move it. The electricity powered the main drives, eighteen 1,000 horsepower (750 kW) and ten 625 horsepower (466 kW) DC electric motors. Once it had stripped all the overburden in one area of the pit, it could move itself short distances (usually less than a mile) to another pre-prepared digging position using massive hydraulic walker feet, although due to its 13,500 ton weight it traveled very slowly (1.76 inches per second (4.5 cm/s), roughly 0.1 mph) and required a carefully graded travelway with a roadbed of heavy wooden beams to avoid sinking into the soil and tipping over or getting stuck. During its 22 years of service, Big Muskie removed more than 608,000,000 cubic yards (465,000,000 m3) of overburden, twice the amount of earth moved during the construction of the Panama Canal, uncovering over 20,000,000 tonnes (22,000,000 short tons) of Ohio brown coal.
http://youtu.be/87DXFB1aLRc

The biggest dump truck in the world working in a mine

The biggest dump truck in the world working in a mine
I do not own this promotional video from the Belax official channel https://www.youtube.com/user/belazjsc/videos
http://youtu.be/xa_kRkJHyak

The Biggest Dump Truck in The World in Action

The Biggest Dump Truck in The World in Action
http://www.belaz.by/en https://www.youtube.com/user/belazjsc/ The world's largest dump truck BelAZ-75710 with carrying capacity of 450 tons has started to work on the section "Chernigovets", which is located in the Kemerovo region in Russia. BelAZ-75710 is delivered, assembled and put into operation in the section of the official dealer of the Belarusian Automobile Plant. Assembling the belarusian super giant carried out in parallel on two platforms: on the main frame of the truck was going, cabin, hydraulics and electrical equipment mounted on the second floor was just about the body. At the end of BelAZ assembly to the main site on their own I get to the place of assembly of the body, which was installed cargo platform. On the whole assembly ... It took exactly two months!
http://youtu.be/gq5eQeFj4-8

The Largest Dump Truck in The World - BelAZ 75710

The Largest Dump Truck in The World - BelAZ 75710
http://www.belaz.by/en https://www.youtube.com/user/belazjsc/ The BelAZ 75710 is an ultra-class haul truck by Belarusian manufacturer BelAZ. At 500 short tons, it is the world's largest, highest payload capacity haul truck. The BelAz 75710 has a conventional two-axle setup, but with dualled wheels (like a scaled-up International Payhauler 350), hence it needs eight 59/80 R63 tyres. Unusually, it has four-wheel drive and four-wheel hydraulic steering. The turning radius is claimed to be 20 metres. The 75710 can carry a 450 tonne (500 short tons) load. The empty weight is 360 tonnes - much more heavily built than the previous model, which was 240 tonnes. It is 20.6 metres long, 8.16 metres high, and 9.87 metres wide. The bed is relatively shallow, limiting the volume of material that can be carried. Instead of a single engine, the Siemens MMT 500 drive system (with AC/AC diesel-electric transmission based on the ELFA inverters) is powered by two 65-litre 16-cylinder diesel engines, each with 2300 horsepower. 2 engines working together give a power of 4,600 hp. This, in addition to the shallow bed, dualled tyres, and very heavy empty weight, has led to concerns about operating efficiency. Fuel consumption (according to company data) is 198 g/kWh per engine, with option to run on only one if carrying less than capacity loads. Maximum speed is 64 km/h, and economy maximum speed (when fully loaded and on a 10% gradient) is 40 km/h
http://youtu.be/6hgi0nBN9R8

The worlds largest trucks

The worlds largest trucks
5 of the biggest trucks in the world
http://youtu.be/AaxJs_9eAxU

LeTourneau L-2350 - The Biggest Wheel Loader in The World

LeTourneau L-2350 - The Biggest Wheel Loader in The World
The L-2350 loader from American earthmoving machinery manufacturer LeTourneau Inc. holds the Guinness World Record for Biggest Earth Mover. Designed to center-load haul trucks with capacities of up to 400 tons, the L-2350 provides an operating payload of 160,000 pounds, a 24-foot lift height, and an 11.5-foot reach. Operational weight 258 tons 2300 Horsepower 16 Cylinder 65.0 Liters Detroit Diesel 4-cycle Turbocharged Aftercooler Engine (2300 hp) or 16 cylinder 60.0 Liter Cummins Diesel 4-cycle Turbocharged Aftercooler Engine (2300 hp) Hydraulic lifting payload 72 tons Standard Bucket 40,52 m³ FuelTank 3974.68 Liters Hydraulic Oil 1230 Liters Tyres 70/70-57 SRG DT ( diameter 4 m and width 1.78 m) Cost $1.5M (2012) Subscribe to new videos! https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC3n0rM58pU4aygiI72sCh0Q?sub_confirmation=1
http://youtu.be/Ut8e2OVx4RI

World’s largest wheel loader - LeTourneau L-2350

World’s largest wheel loader - LeTourneau L-2350
Triton Transport services hauls a LeTourneau L-2350 out of Perth. The largest capacity bucket option for the L-2350 is a huge 40.5 m3 and the machine can lift 72,574 kg — enabling it to load a huge Ultra Class Terex MT6300 (a 363 metric tonne capacity truck) with only five passes and in just over three minutes. The L-2350 is the only wheel loader in the world that is designed to load the bigger Terex MT6300s.
http://youtu.be/4WbbAlcy26o

Tri Drive Mack Titan with a Caterpillar 785C dump truck

Tri Drive Mack Titan with a Caterpillar 785C dump truck
Tri Drive Mack Titan with a Heavi Haul Volvo , Great Northern Highway , Bullsbrook town and out of Chittering road house, Wester Australia , carting Caterpillar 785C dump trucks ** correction to video ** The Rhino Haulage truck featured in this video is in fact owned by Charles Hull Haulage http://ift.tt/1QZr8vf
http://youtu.be/d_l5Fnli8Hw

Super Bog Monsters Compilation 2014-2015. The Best

Super Bog Monsters Compilation 2014-2015. The Best
Sponsor: http://ift.tt/1QBHd6B Super bog monsters compilation 2014-2015. The best shots of the best vehicles: amphibias, rovers, tractors and trucks. Супер подборка болотных монстров 2014-2015. Лучшие кадры самой мощной техники: амфибии, вездеходы, тракторы и грузовики.
http://youtu.be/LmDxDPSaAxo

797B CAT. Chile. Antofagasta.

797B CAT. Chile. Antofagasta.
Un camionero se queda muy cerca del 797.
http://youtu.be/e2QbiR93Ksk

Caterpillar 785D in Siilinjärvi Finland

Caterpillar 785D in Siilinjärvi Finland

http://youtu.be/6tODVtwrQHY

Scooptram ST18 - The Ride

Scooptram ST18 - The Ride
The all new Scooptram ST18 is a high performance, 18 metric tonne capacity underground loader for large operations, including development work and production mining. It is designed not only to have the optimal loading cycle and highest uptime but also to support and protect the operator and to be the perfect companion to our range of underground trucks. The new Scooptram ST18 is smart, hard working and easy to like. By combining advanced technology and smart features -- the Scooptram ST18 means a big move for safety, maneuverability, comfort and productivity in underground operations. It's the greatest ride in the mine. Enjoy the ride!
http://youtu.be/BidzzZ3abNQ

Atlas Copco Robbins Raiseboring

Atlas Copco Robbins Raiseboring
With over 50 years of experience in raiseboring and more then 17 different models of the Robbins raiseboring machines in the product portfolio, Atlas Copco is the leading supplier of raiseboring equipment world wide. The range includes models for both conventional raiseboring, boxhole boring as well as down reaming and covers diameters from 0,5m up to over 6m.
http://youtu.be/5jE0MWEESE0

herrenknecht raise boring rig

herrenknecht raise boring rig

http://youtu.be/pCyDS553acw

How Raise Drill Works

How Raise Drill Works
Raise drilling is used to create large drill holes -- up to 7.6 meters in diameter. The holes, or tunnels, are used to connect mine shafts, power plant tunnels or channels for rainwater and surplus water, as well as for ventilation between different levels in a mine. This type of drilling is performed in two stages. First you drill a smaller pilot hole and then you swap the smaller drill bit with a reamer. The reamer is equipped with reels made of hardened metal which have the same diameter as the final hole. The hole is expanded as the reamer crushes the rock using both pressure and rotation. Raise drilling can be used for holes and tunnels of up to 1100 meters in length, which makes this method very practical for many applications.
http://youtu.be/6QueB4GCQww

Quartz reef mining - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Quartz reef mining - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia:



Quartz reef mining played an important role in 19th Century gold-mining districts such as Bendigo, VictoriaCentral Otago in New Zealand, and the California mother lode. In at least the shallow, oxidized zones of quartz reef deposits, the gold occurs in its metallic state, and is easily recovered with simple equipment.
A "quartz reef" is another term for a vein of quartz, and has nothing to do with biological reefs (bioherms), such as coral reefs. Quartz is one of the most common minerals in the earth's crust, and most quartz veins do not carry metallic gold, but those that have gold are avidly hunted by prospectors.

Mining[edit]

Mining the ore usually required mine shafts sunk to mine quartz from the reefs, sometimes deep underground. Horizontal tunnels called drifts were dug out from the shaft at different levels to find the gold-bearing rock.
All the ore was hoisted to the surface for processing. Water had to be removed by pumping. Big hoisting engines were installed to hoist lifts and buckets up the shafts.
On the surface above the shaft stands a building known as the headframe. This contained a wheel called a gin wheel which lifted buckets of rock up to a raised platform called a Brace. Wheeled buckets then carried the rock along elevated tracks to waste dumps or processing works. The steel cable that hoisted the bucket passed over the gin wheel.

Processing[edit]

The gold was brought to the surface as small particles embedded in lumps of quartz. The quartz was then crushed into a fine dust by stamping batteries in a stamp mill. A stamp battery contained a row of stamps. On the bottom of each stamp was a heavy piece of iron steel. Each battery was driven by a cam shaft which was turned by a water wheel. The steel shoes went up and down between wooden guides and pounded the quartz which had been fed into steel boxes underneath the stampers. Ideally the stamping batteries would work 24 hours a day.
After crushing, the quartz was mixed with water to make mud which then ran down sloping tables, called concentrating tables. On top of these tables were copper sheets coated with mercury, which amalgamates with gold. The gold particles stuck to the mercury, and could be collected from there.[1]

Quartz mines[edit]

References[edit]

Ore - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Ore - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia:



An ore is a type of rock that contains sufficient minerals with important elements including metals that can be economically extracted from the rock.[1] The ores are extracted from the earth through mining; they are then refined (often via smelting) to extract the valuable element, or elements.
The grade or concentration of an ore mineral, or metal, as well as its form of occurrence, will directly affect the costs associated with mining the ore. The cost of extraction must thus be weighed against the metal value contained in the rock to determine what ore can beprocessed and what ore is of too low a grade to be worth mining. Metal ores are generally oxidessulfidessilicates, or "native" metals (such as native copper) that are not commonly concentrated in the Earth's crust, or "noble" metals (not usually forming compounds) such as gold. The ores must be processed to extract the metals of interest from the waste rock and from the ore minerals. Ore bodies are formed by a variety of geological processes. The process of ore formation is called ore genesis.

Ore deposits[edit]

An ore deposit is an accumulation of ore. This is distinct from a mineral resource as defined by the mineral resource classification criteria. An ore deposit is one occurrence of a particular ore type. Most ore deposits are named according to their location (for example, the Witswatersrand, South Africa), or after a discoverer (e.g. the kambalda nickel shoots are named after drillers), or after some whimsy, a historical figure, a prominent person, something from mythology (phoenix, kraken, serepentleopard, etc.) or the code name of the resource company which found it (e.g. MKD-5 is the in-house name for the Mount Keith nickel ).

Classification[edit]

Main article: Ore genesis
Ore deposits are classified according to various criteria developed via the study of economic geology, or ore genesis. The classifications below are typical.

Hydrothermal epigenetic deposits[edit]

Granite related hydrothermal[edit]

Magmatic deposits[edit]

Volcanic-related deposits[edit]

Metamorphically reworked deposits[edit]

Carbonatite-alkaline igneous related[edit]

Sedimentary deposits[edit]

Magnified view of Banded Iron Formation specimen from Upper Michigan. Scale bar is 5.0 mm.

Sedimentary hydrothermal deposits[edit]

Astrobleme-related ores[edit]

Extraction[edit]

Some ore deposits in the world
Some additional ore deposits in the world
Main article: mining
The basic extraction of ore deposits follows these steps:
  1. Prospecting or exploration to find and then define the extent and value of ore where it is located ("ore body")
  2. Conduct resource estimation to mathematically estimate the size and grade of the deposit
  3. Conduct a pre-feasibility study to determine the theoretical economics of the ore deposit. This identifies, early on, whether further investment in estimation and engineering studies is warranted and identifies key risks and areas for further work.
  4. Conduct a feasibility study to evaluate the financial viability, technical and financial risks and robustness of the project and make a decision as whether to develop or walk away from a proposed mine project. This includes mine planning to evaluate the economically recoverable portion of the deposit, the metallurgy and ore recoverability, marketability and payability of the ore concentrates, engineering, milling and infrastructure costs, finance and equity requirements and a cradle to grave analysis of the possible mine, from the initial excavation all the way through to reclamation.
  5. Development to create access to an ore body and building of mine plant and equipment
  6. The operation of the mine in an active sense
  7. Reclamation to make land where a mine had been suitable for future use

Trade[edit]

Ore and metal imports in 2005
Ores (metals) are traded internationally and comprise a sizeable portion of international trade in raw materials both in value and volume. This is because the worldwide distribution of ores is unequal and dislocated from locations of peak demand and from smelting infrastructure.
Most base metals (copper, lead, zinc, nickel) are traded internationally on the London Metal Exchange, with smaller stockpiles and metals exchanges monitored by the COMEX and NYMEX exchanges in the United States and the Shanghai Futures Exchange in China.
Iron ore is traded between customer and producer, though various benchmark prices are set quarterly between the major mining conglomerates and the major consumers, and this sets the stage for smaller participants.
Other, lesser, commodities do not have international clearing houses and benchmark prices, with most prices negotiated between suppliers and customers one-on-one. This generally makes determining the price of ores of this nature opaque and difficult. Such metals include lithiumniobium-tantalumbismuthantimony and rare earths. Most of these commodities are also dominated by one or two major suppliers with >60% of the world's reserves. The London Metal Exchange aims to add uranium to its list of metals on warrant.
The World Bank reports that China was the top importer of ores and metals in 2005 followed by the USA and Japan.[citation needed]

Important ore minerals[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. Jump up^ Guilbert, John M. and Charles F. Park, Jr., The Geology of Ore Deposits, W. H. Freeman, 1986, p. 1 ISBN 0-7167-1456-6

Further reading[edit]

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